International Journal of Anatomy and Research

Welcome to International Journal of Anatomy and Research




Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2809-2812

Date of Publication: 30-09-2016



Geeta Anasuya. D *1, Jones Eben Raj 2, Sheela Grace Jeevamani 3.

*1 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

2 Tutor, Dept. of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

3 Professor & HOD, Dept. of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research , Coimbatore, India.

Address: Dr Geeta Anasuya MD, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore- 32, Tamil Nadu, India.


Splenic artery is the largest branch of coeliac trunk and is tortuous in its course. In routine dissection of abdomen for undergraduate students in KFMSR, among 32 cadavers, variations in the branching pattern of splenic artery were noticed in one cadaver. Splenic artery before its normal termination, it gave superior and inferior polar arteries. Apart from these arteries, an accessory splenic artery was seen arising from left gastro epiploic artery. It entered the spleen from its lateral end. The knowledge of these variations is clinically important for surgeons to prevent bleeding during any surgical or radiological interventional procedures.
Key words:  Splenic artery, Superior polar artery, Inferior polar artery, Accessory splenic artery.


  1. Madoff DC, Denys A, Wallace MJ, Murthy R, Gupta S, Pillsbury EP. Splenic arterial interventions: anatomy, indications, technical considerations, and potential complications. Radiographics 2005 Oct 25(Suppl 1):S191-211.
  2. Standring S. Gray's anatomy. 40th ed. London: Churchill Livinstone 2008p1193.
  3. Hamilton WJ, Mossman HW. Alimentary and respiratory system, pleural and peritoneal cavities. In: Hamilton WJ, Boyd, Mossman's HW, editors. Human embryology. 4th ed.. London: Macmillan Press 1976p291-376.
  4. Zeon SK, Kim SG, Huyn JA, Kim YS.  Angiographic branching patterns of the splenic artery. Int J Angiol 1998 Winter; 7(1):57-61.
  5. Standring S, ed. Gray’s anatomy: Anatomical basis of clinical practice. 39th Ed., London, Elsevier Churchill-Livingstone.  2005; 1241.
  6. Hollinshead WH. Anatomy for surgeons. 3rd Ed., Philadelphia, Harper & Row Publishers. 1982; 444–449.
  7. Pandey SK, Bhattacharya S, Mishra RN, Shukla VK . Anatomical variations of the splenic artery and its clinical implications. Clin Anat. 2004sep;17(6):497-502.
  8. Nicholas A. Michels. Blood Supply and Anatomy ofthe Upper Abdominal Organs. London: PitmanMedical Publishing Co., Ltd; 1955;10-27 and 201-235.
  9. Naveen Kumar,  Jyothsna Patil,  Ravindra S Swamy, Anitha Guru, and Satheesha B Nayak . Atypical Arterial Supply to the Spleen by Polar Branches of Splenic Artery and Accessory Splenic Artery – A Case Report J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Aug; 8(8) PMCID: PMC4190703.
  10. Padmalatha K, Ramesh BR, Prakash BS, Balachandra N, Mamatha Y. Accessory splenic artery from left gastric artery. IJAV. 2010; 3:106–07.
  11. 11.Prashanth Nashiket Cheware, Swathi MilindBelsare, YashwantRamakrishnaKulkarni, SudhirVishnupant Pandit, Jaideo Manohar Ughade.Variational anatomy of segmental branches of splenic artery. Journal of Clinical and Diagnosticresearch. 2012 May; 6(3): 336-338.
  12. D. Naga Jyothi, T. V. Ramani, S. Saritha , Gayathri. P, B. Sadananda Rao, Asra Anjum. CADAVERIC STUDY OF VARIATIONS IN BRANCHING PATTERN OFSPLENIC ARTERYInt J Anat Res 2015, Vol 3(4):1629-34. ISSN 2321- 4287
  13. Pakhiddey R, Mehta V, Hansdak R, Suri RK, Rath G. Unusual branching pattern of splenic artery: anatomical description and clinico-embryological explanation. OA Anatomy. 2013;1(2):20.
  14. Bamac B, Colak T, Ozbek A, Ozturk  A rare case of distal one-third of the transverse colon supplied by a branch from splenic artery. Saudi Med J. 2006;27(4):536–38. [PubMed]
  15. Holibkova A, Machalek L, Houserkova D, Ruzicka V. A contribution  to the  types of branching and anastomoses of the splenic artery in human spleen. Acta Univ Palacki Olomuc Fac Med. 1998; 141:49–52. [PubMed].
  16. Seok Kil Zeon, Seon Goo Kim, Jung Ae Huyn,  You-SahKim. Angiographic branching patterns of the splenicartery. International  Journal of Angiology. 1998Nov;7(1):57-61.
  17. Michels NA. The variational  anatomy of the spleen and splenic artery. Am J Anat. 1942; 70: 21–72.


Geeta Anasuya. D, Jones Eben Raj, Sheela Grace Jeevamani. AUNUSUAL ANATOMICAL VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF SPLENIC ARTERY. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2809-2812. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.338




Volume 1 (2013)

Volume 2 (2014)

Volume 3 (2015)

Volume 4 (2016)

Submit Manuscript