International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2784-2794

Date of Publication: 30-09-2016



Archana Goel *1, Patnaik VVG 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, MMIMSR Mullana, Ambala, India.

2 Professor, Department of Anatomy, MMIMSR Mullana, Ambala, India.

Address: Dr. Archana Goel, Assistant Professor, MMIMSR Mullana, 14-D, Ram Nagar, Ambala, India. Mobile no.- 8059931320


Background: The smile constitutes an important component in the presentation of a human being favoring his or her social acceptance. Both the upper and lower lips have a marked effect on the beauty of the smile.
Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the esthetic components of the smile, evaluating the relationship between the curve formed by the incisal line of the anterior superior teeth and the curve of the inferior lip, the touch of this incisal line on the inferior lip, the teeth displayed during smile, the relationship between the facial midline with the arch midline and compared the data with the previous studies.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted on 300 North Indian females age group 18-40 years in MM Institute of medical sciences and research Mullana. Prior informed written consent for this study was obtained from all the subjects. The exclusion and inclusion criteria for the subjects were predefined. Photographs were taken both in rest position as well as Smile position using digital camera with high resolution.
Results: Showed that in north Indian females the alignment of upper incisal edge to lower lip was convex in 166 (55.3%), Position of upper lip while smile was average type in 159(53%),  93(32.3%) showed touching of incisal line to lower lip, 8 teeth (six anterior and first premolars) were displayed during a full smile in 210 (70%) females, midline through philtrum was seen to pass most commonly through the centre of two central incisors in 226 (75.3%) females, Normal space was seen in 281(93.7%) female subjects. This standard may serve as a guideline for restoration or enhancement of esthetic and plastic surgery for smile of north Indian females which will enable the surgeon to offer a better cosmetic result.
Key words: Esthetic, Smile, North Indian females, plastic surgery, lip.


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Archana Goel, Patnaik VVG. ANALYSIS OF ESTHETIC COMPONENTS OF SMILE IN NORTH INDIAN FEMALES. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2789-2794. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.333




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