International Journal of Anatomy and Research

Welcome to International Journal of Anatomy and Research




Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2734-2737

Date of Publication: 31-08-2016



Manjunath Halagatti *1, Channabasanagouda 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India.

Address: Dr. Manjunath Halagatti, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Koppal Instistute of Medical Sciences, Gangavathi Road, Koppal, Karnataka-583231, India. Phone: +919742094893


Background: Wormian bones, also called as sutural bones, are small bones found in the sutures of skull. These bones may be found as normal variants in the skull or may be associated with some of the congenital abnormalities.
Materials and Results: In our study, done on 110 dry adult human cadaveric skulls, we have identified 76 skulls with wormian bones (69.09%). Highest number of wormian bones was at the lambdoid suture, with 50.04% and next at the lambda, with 9%.
Conclusion: The current study on wormian bones will add further knowledge to the available data about wormian bones and it will be of help for neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, pediatricians, radiologists and anthropologists for  proper diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Key words: Wormian Bones, Suture, Lambda, Osteogenesis Imperfecta.


  1. Standring S, Borley NR, Collins P, Crossman AR, Gatzoulis MA, Healy JC et al editors, Head and neck- External skulls. Gray’s anatomy. The anatomical basis of clinical practice. 40th ed. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill- Livingstone; 2008:409-415.
  2. Parker CA: Wormian Bones. Chicago, Robert press, 1905.
  3. Pryles CV, Khan AJ. Wormian bones: A marker of CNS abnormality? Am J Disshild. 1979; 133:380.
  4. Philippe Jeanty, Sandra Rejane Sliva, Cherly Turner. Prenatal Diagnosis of Wormian Bones; J Ultrasound Med; 2000;19:863-869.
  5. Bennett KA. The etiology and genetics of wormian bones. Am J Phys Anthropol 1965;23:255.
  6. Dorsey GA. Wormian bones in artificially deformed Kwakiutl crania. Am Anthropol 1897;10:169-73.
  7. Bennett KA. Tha etiology and genetics of Wormian bones. Am J phys Anthropol 1965;23(3):255-60.
  8. ELL- Najjar KA, Dawson GL. The effect of cranial deformations on the incidence of Wormian bones in the lambdoid suture. Am J phys anthropol 1977;46(1):155-60.
  9. Bergman RA, Afifi AK, Miyauchi R. Skeletal systems: Cranium. In: Compendium of human anatomical variations. Baltimore: Urban and Schwarzenberg 1988;197-205.
  10. B. Marti, D.Sirinelli, L. Maurin, E. Carpenter. Wormian bones in a general paediatric population.Diagnostic and interventional imaging 2013;94:428-432.
  11. Jeantly P, Sliva RS, Turner C. Wormian bones. J Ultrasound Med 2000;19(12):863-9.
  12. Radha K, Sudagar M, Duraipandian K, Sundarvadhanam KVK. A study of Wormian bones in south Indian population. International journal of medical and applied sciences. 2014;3(3).
  13. Murlimanju BV, Prabhu LV. Ashraf CM., Kumar C Rai R. and Maheshwari C. Morphological and topographical study of wormian bones in cadaver dry skulls.J.Morpho.Sci..2011;28(3):176-179.
  14.  Vivek Nirmale, Mohammad Laeeque, Chaya Vijay Diwan. Variation in frequently of os incae in human skull. Internatinal journal of basic medical sciences. Apr:2012;3(1).
  15. Rabet Gozil, Engin Cal guner, Semih Keskil. Incidence of interrparietal and preinterparietal bones in adult skulls from central Anatolia region. Gazi Medical journal. 1994;5:123-125.


Manjunath Halagatti, Channabasanagouda. INCIDENCE OF WORMIAN BONES IN SOUTH INDIAN SKULLS: A STUDY ON CADAVERIC DRY SKULLS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2734-2737. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.319




Volume 1 (2013)

Volume 2 (2014)

Volume 3 (2015)

Volume 4 (2016)

Submit Manuscript