International Journal of Anatomy and Research



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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2698-2700

Date of Publication: 31-08-2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.309


ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF THE DISTAL END OF HUMERUS

Goda Jatin B * 1, Patel Shailesh M 2, Parmar Ajay M 3, Aghera Brijesh 4, Agarwal GC 5, Singel Tulsi 6.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, India.

2 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, India.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, India.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, India.

5 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, India.

5 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, India.

Address: Dr. Jatin B. Goda, Assistant Professor, c/o Suresh Bhai B. Goda, 7/24, Bhojarajpara, Latiplot, Gondal 360311, Dist: Rajkot, Gujarat, India. Mobile No.: +91 8875417102. E-Mail: drjbgoda@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: The study was aimed at determining the variations of lateral epicondyle, capitulum and lateral trochlear crest of humerus and finding out the prevelance of different forms.
Materials and Methods: 60 dried Human humeri were examined grossly from the collection of Anatomy department, Pacific Medical College & Hospital for the location of lateral epicondyle, extent and shape of distal margin of capitulum and for the lateral trochlear crest.
Results: In 76.67% of humeri, lateral epicondyle was located at the same level/ slightly below the level of capitulum whereas in 23.33% of humeri, it was located above the level of capitulum, Distal margin of capitulum was Flat and extending onto distal surface in 83.33% of humeri where as it was Convex and extending onto posterior surface in 16.67% of humeri. Lateral trochlear crest was pooriy developed in 10%, moderately developed in 85% and well developed prominent in 5% of humeri.
Conclusion: This study may help in repairing the fractures/reconstruction of trochlea and capitulum, designing of elbow prosthesis, repairing the damage to radial collateral ligament as well as lateral epicondyle surgeries of humerus.
Key words: Lateral epicondyle, Trochlea, Capitulum, Distal end of Humerus.

REFERENCES

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Goda Jatin B, Patel Shailesh M, Parmar Ajay M, Aghera Brijesh, Agarwal GC, Singel Tulsi. ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF THE DISTAL END OF HUMERUS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2698-2700. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.309

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