International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2692-2697

Date of Publication: 31-08-2016


Anandhi. V *1, Rajeswari. K 2, Christilda Felicia Jebakani

Anandhi. V * 1, Rajeswari. K 2, Christilda Felicia Jebakani 3.

*1 Associate Professor, K.A.P.V Government Medical College, Tiruchirapalli, Tamilnadu, India.

2 Associate Professor, Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.

3 Professor, SRM Medical College and Research Centre, Tamilnadu, India.

Address: Dr. V. Anandhi, M.S. (Anatomy), Associate Professor of Anatomy, KAPV Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli-620 001,Tamilnadu, India. Mobile No: Mobile No: +9194442 48184.


Background: The versatility of the inferior epigastric artery as a vascular graft in various areas and the recognition of its growing importance in the anterior abdominal wall and retropubic region surgical disasters have all prompted me to study the inferior epigastric artery, with particular reference to the distance of the inferior epigastric artery from the important landmarks of the abdomen and pelvis. The results will prove to be a vital guide for the surgeons to select sites for trocar insertion to prevent fatal complications arising from injury to the inferior epigastric artery.
Materials and method: Study material consisted of 50 adult specimens from 16 male and 9 female cadavers  studied by direct dissection method and predissectional dye injection method.     
Results: Measurements were taken from the midline to the inferior epigastric artery at different levels of the anterior abdominal wall. The danger zones were delineated from the distances measured. Incisions and trocar insertions are to be avoided between 3cm and 8cm from the linea alba.
Conclusion: The distance of the inferior epigastric artery from the midline at various levels will provide a safe field to steer clear of the inferior epigastric artery while performing laparoscopic surgeries.
KEY WORDS: Inferior Epigastric Artery, Origin, Distance, Rectus Abdominis.


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Anandhi. V, Rajeswari. K, Christilda Felicia Jebakani. A STUDY OF THE ORIGIN AND COURSE OF THE INFERIOR EPIGASTRIC ARTERY AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2692-2697. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.308




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