Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2652-2655
Date of Publication: 31-08-2016
MORPHOMETRICAL STUDY OF CUBOIDAL ARTICULAR FACET OF THE HUMAN CALCANEUS BONE AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS
Archana Rao K 1, Jyothi K C *2, Shailaja Shetty 3.
1 Intern , M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
*2Assistant Professor, Department of anatomy, M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
3 Professor and Head, Department of anatomy, M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr Jyothi KC, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, MSRIT Post, Bangalore. 560054, Karnataka, India.
Mobile: +919731346464 E-Mail: email@example.com
Background: The calcaneus is a weight bearing tarsal bone of the proximal row. Calcaneum has on its upper surface an articular facet for the talus and anterior end presents an articular facet for cuboid bone. Modification on cuboidal articular facet of calcaneum is evolutionary and is important aspect of human bipedal gait.
Objectives: To study the morphometric measurements of cuboidal articular facets of calcaneus and classify the facets in to various categories and observe and note for variations.
Material and Methods: Present sudy carried out with a 53 dry adult human calcanei, 32 bones of right side and 21 of left side of unknown sex from Department of Anatomy, M S Ramaiah Medical College were used for the study.
Results: The cuboidal articular facet on calcaneus was grouped in to four types based on their shape. Wedge as type 1, transversely oval as type 2, irregular as type 3, vertically oval as type 4. Type 1 was the commonest with 54.7%, least was type 4 with 5.4%.
Conclusion: A good knowledge of the joint surfaces and measurements would assist better treatment and management options for the calcaneal fractures and for further research efforts.
Key words: Calcaneus, Articular Facet, Cuboid.
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Archana Rao K, Jyothi K C, Shailaja Shetty. MORPHOMETRICAL STUDY OF CUBOIDAL ARTICULAR FACET OF THE HUMAN CALCANEUS BONE AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2652-2655. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.284