Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2577-2583
Date of Publication: 31-07-2016
CHEILOSCOPY: A TOOL FOR SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN INDIA
Ashish Gupta *1, Nidhi Sharma 2, Sanjeev Kumar Jain 3, Shahin Salma Khatun 1.
*1 Post graduate student, Department of Anatomy, TeerthankerMahaveer Medical College, TMU, Moradabad, India.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, TeerthankerMahaveer Medical College, TMU, Moradabad, India.
3 Professor, Department of Anatomy, TeerthankerMahaveer Medical College, TMU, Moradabad, India.
Address: Ashish Gupta, Post graduate student, Department of Anatomy, TeerthankerMahaveer Medical College, TMU, Moradabad, India. Mobile no.: +917376795874
Background: Cheiloscopy is a Greek word derived from, ‘cheilos’ means lips, ‘skopein’ means to see, so the cheiloscopy is the study of lip print pattern in human beings. In forensic science, lip print pattern gives important information which help in sex determination.
Aim: This study is undertaken to evaluate the uniqueness of lip print for sexual dimorphism.
Material and methods: The study was conducted on 400 subjects (200 male and 200 female) among the population of India. Lipstick was applied on the lips and print was taken on bond paper, the prints were divided into four quadrants and were analyzed by using magnifying lens and another method was used in which lip print of the middle 10mm of the lower lip was analyzed and Suzuki and Tsuchihashi classification were used to identify the most common type of pattern among Indians for sexual dimorphism.
Result: our study shows that the most common type of pattern in Indian race in male was type III and in female were type II.
Conclusion: The present study reveals that, there was no similarity in the lip print pattern of one individual with that of the other individual. So, it can be used in sex determination by the forensic expert.
KEY WORDS: Cheiloscopy, Sexual Dimorphism, Indian Race, Tsuchihashi classification.
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Ashish Gupta, Nidhi Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar Jain, Shahin Salma Khatun. CHEILOSCOPY: A TOOL FOR SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN INDIA. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2577-2583. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.279