International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2522-2525

Date of Publication: 31-07-2016



R. Chitra.

Associate Professor of Anatomy, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. India.

Address: Dr. R. Chitra M.D., DNB (Anatomy), Associate professor of anatomy, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada-8, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. India. Phone: (R) 0866-2576319 Mobile no.: +91-944-0508509E-Mail:


Context: Knowledge of the variations of the renal artery is important with increasing of renal transplants, vascular reconstructions and various surgical and radiologic techniques of renal vessels.
Material and Methods: The study of renal arteries and their variations were done in 50 sides of 25 embalmed human cadavers in the routine educational dissection of I M.B.B.S students for three consecutive years (2013-2016) in our department of anatomy. Exposure of the kidneys and the renal vessels were done following the standard dissection procedures. Variations of the renal arteries were observed carefully and recorded.
Results: The accessory renal arteriess observed in the present study (24%) were grouped under the types 1 to 7 following the earlier classification [1] Type 1 was found bilaterally in a male and in a female cadaver. Type 2 was found unilaterally in a male cadaver on the right side. Type 3 was found unilaterally in a female cadaver on the right side. Type 7 was found bilaterally in a male and in a female cadaver and unilaterally in 2 male cadavers on the left side.
Conclusion: The knowledge of these variations provides safety guidelines for endovascular procedures like therapeutic embolization and angioplasties. The knowledge of variations reported here is very useful for radiologists, urologists and surgeons.
Key words: Renal transplant, embolization, angioplasties.


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R. Chitra. A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ACCESSORY RENAL ARTERIES. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2522-2525. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.254




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