Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2522-2525
Date of Publication: 31-07-2016
A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ACCESSORY RENAL ARTERIES
Associate Professor of Anatomy, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. India.
Address: Dr. R. Chitra M.D., DNB (Anatomy), Associate professor of anatomy, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada-8, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. India. Phone: (R) 0866-2576319 Mobile no.: +91-944-0508509E-Mail: email@example.com
Context: Knowledge of the variations of the renal artery is important with increasing of renal transplants, vascular reconstructions and various surgical and radiologic techniques of renal vessels.
Material and Methods: The study of renal arteries and their variations were done in 50 sides of 25 embalmed human cadavers in the routine educational dissection of I M.B.B.S students for three consecutive years (2013-2016) in our department of anatomy. Exposure of the kidneys and the renal vessels were done following the standard dissection procedures. Variations of the renal arteries were observed carefully and recorded.
Results: The accessory renal arteriess observed in the present study (24%) were grouped under the types 1 to 7 following the earlier classification  Type 1 was found bilaterally in a male and in a female cadaver. Type 2 was found unilaterally in a male cadaver on the right side. Type 3 was found unilaterally in a female cadaver on the right side. Type 7 was found bilaterally in a male and in a female cadaver and unilaterally in 2 male cadavers on the left side.
Conclusion: The knowledge of these variations provides safety guidelines for endovascular procedures like therapeutic embolization and angioplasties. The knowledge of variations reported here is very useful for radiologists, urologists and surgeons.
Key words: Renal transplant, embolization, angioplasties.
- Daniel N, Eisendranath , David C. The surgical importance of accessory renal arteries. Association, American Urological. Transactions. 1910. Reprint. London: Forgotten Books, 2013. 174-5. Print.
- Eustachius B. The aberrant renal arteries. Journal of Anatomy 1552; 90: 553-558.
- Lancisi. An unusual anomalous blood vessel connecting the renal and internal spermatic arteries. Anatomical Record 1714;102:205-10
- Graves FT. The aberrant renal artery. Journal of Anatomy 1956; 90: 553-58
- Lippert H, Pabst R Arterial variations in man, classifications and frequency. Springer Verlag:1985:Munich.
- Merklin RJ, Michels NA. The variant renal and suprarenal blood supply with data on the inferior phrenic, ureteral and gonadal arteries: a statistical analysis based on 185 dissections and review of the literature. The Journal of the International College of Surgeons 1958. 29-1:41-76
- Satyapa KS, Haffejee AA, Singh B, Ramsaroop, Robbs JV, Kalideen JM. Additional renal arteries: incidence and morphometry, Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy.2001; 23-1:33-38.
- Felix W. From Mesonephric arteries: in Manual of Human Embryology, Volume 22 Edited by Keibel F, Mall FP. Philadelphia; Lippincott ;1912:820-825.
R. Chitra. A STUDY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF ACCESSORY RENAL ARTERIES. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2522-2525. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.254