International Journal of Anatomy and Research



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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 2464-2468

Date of Publication: 30-06-2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.239


MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE NUTRIENT FORAMINA IN DRY HUMAN FEMUR BONES OF TELANGANA REGION

Murali Krishna S 1, Udaya Kumar P *1, Sirisha V 1, Rajesh V 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mamata Medical College, Khammam, Telangana, India.

2 Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Mamata Medical College, Khammam, Telangana, India.

Address: Dr. Udaya Kumar P, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mamata Medical College, Rotary Nagar, Khammam. Telangana 507002, India. Mobile No: +919133000191
E-Mail: udaygmc@yahoo.co.in

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood supply of living bones comes from many small vessels in the periosteum and from a large nutrient artery that enters the body through nutrient foramina. The nutrient foramen and the artery passing through it plays a major role in bone vascularisation and its growth. A detailed understanding of blood supply to long bones is a necessity in performing the recent orthopaedic techniques like bone resection and transplantation.
Aim: The aim of the present study is to determine the number, position, size, direction of the nutrient foramina and the Foramen Index of the human dry femur bones
Materials and Methods: In the present study, 66 right sided and 56 left sided femur bones of unknown age and sex were taken into consideration from the department of anatomy, Mamata Medical College, Khammam, Telanagana, India.
Results: Average length of the femur on the right side was observed to be 43.48 ± 2.70 cm and on left side 43.71 ± 2.94 cm.  The foramen index on right side was 42.01 ± 10.37 cm where as on the left side 39.02 ± 8.56 cm. The nutrient foramen was directed towards the upper end of femur in all the bones studied. Most of the foramen were observed on the linea aspera in the middle third of the bone.
Conclusion:  This study may add to the present statistical data available on foramen index, number of foramen and their location in the population of Telangana region, during recent orthopaedic techniques like bone resection and transplantation.
Key Words: Nutrient foramen, Femur, Foramen index.

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Murali Krishna S, Udaya Kumar P, Sirisha V, Rajesh V. MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE NUTRIENT FORAMINA IN DRY HUMAN FEMUR BONES OF TELANGANA REGION. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2464-2468. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.239

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