Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 2345-2348
Date of Publication: 31-05-2016
MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF JUGULAR FORAMEN IN MAHARASHTRIAN POPULATION
Zuberi Hussain Riyaz *1, Azhar Ahmed Siddiqui 2.
*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, JIIUs Indian Institute of Medical Science and Research Warudi Tq Badnapur Dist. Jalna, Maharashtra, India.
2 Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, JIIUs Indian Institute of Medical Science and Research Warudi Tq Badnapur Dist. Jalna, Maharashtra, India.
Address: Dr Zuberi Hussain Riyaz, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, JIIUs Indian Institute of Medical Science and Research Warudi Tq Badnapur Dist. Jalna, Maharashtra, India.
Background: The jugular foramen, the bony opening on the base of skull, is an opening through which pass the ninth, tenth, and eleventh cranial nerves, two dural venous sinuses, and the meningeal branches of the occipital and ascending pharyngeal arteries. The increasing use of modern diagnostic procedures and new surgical approaches has created a need for much more detailed anatomical studies and explanations. This article reveals some additional features.
Material and Methods: 80 jugular foramina of skulls of unknown age and gender were examined from the Department of Anatomy at IIMSR,Warudi Tq,Badnapur,Dist.Jalna .The morphological characteristics of all the investigated jugular foramina were described, measured, and compared, taking into consideration their side.
Results: Jugular foramina were studied for a review of its morphology, morphometry and its comparison with previous studies. The lengths, widths and distance of sylomastoid foramena from the outer margin of jugular foramen were determined.
Conclusions: The bony growth from jugular fossa which converted the foramen into a slit like appearancIt produces some neuro vascular diseases, glomus, jugular meningiomas, Jugular tumors and even a nodule reducing size of jugular foramen in Varicella-Zoster virus infection.The involvement of IX, X and XI cranial nerves at jugular foramen is known as Vernet’s Syndrome, which might occur in this case due to narrowing of the jugular foramen. As jugular foramen is a large deeply placed aperture. The need for familiarity with detailed anatomy of this region becomes greater importance for a neuro surgeon to approach this region.
Key Words: Jugular Foramen, Jugular Bulb, Internal Jugular Vein.
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Zuberi Hussain Riyaz, Azhar Ahmed Siddiqui. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF JUGULAR FORAMEN IN MAHARASHTRIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2345-2348. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.213