Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 2342-2344
Date of Publication: 31-05-2016
MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF MALLEUS IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION
Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Medical College, Karaikal, Pondicherry, India.
Address: K. Radha, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Missions Medical College, Karaikal, Pondicherry, India.
Background: Knowledge of morphology and morphometric parameters of malleus will be helpful in reconstructive surgeries of middle ear. This study aims to analyse the morphological variations and morphometric values of malleus in south Indian population through cadaveric dissection.
Materials and Methods: This study is performed on 25 dry malleus, both right and left which were obtained from human cadavers.
Result: The total length of malleus was in the range of 6.7 mm to 7.94 mm, mean length of manubrium was 4.2 mm and that of the head and neck was 3.5 mm.
Conclusion: The details of morphologiclal variations and morphometry of the malleus can be useful for prosthetic surgical reconstructions of middle ear.
KEY WORDS: Malleus, Morphometry, Morphological variations, Manubrium.
NeetaV. Kulkarni, clinical Anatomy (A Problem Solving Approach,2nd edition:Jaypee brothers publishers,2012.
Ramachandran,V.S; Blakeslee,S(1999). Phantoms in the Brain.Quill.p.210.ISBN 9780688172176.
Standring, Susan. Gray’s Anatomy, Anatomical basis of clinical practice. 40th ed: Elsevier, 2009.
Arensburg B, Harell M, Nathan H. The human middle ear ossicles, Morphometry and taxonomic implications.Journal of Human Evolution.1981;10:199-205.
Ajay Kumar,Poonam Singh,Anu Sharma and Hitent Vohra.The middle ear ossicles-A Forgotten entity.J.Anat.Soc. India 2008;57(1):53-89.
Vinayachandra P H, Viveka S, Sudha M J, Balakrishna Shetty, Santhosh Kuriakose, Srinivasa Sagar. Morphometry And Variations of Malleus With Clinical Correlations. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(1):191-94.
E, Ramirez L M and Ballesteros L. Anthropometry of the Malleus in Humans: A Direct Anatomic Study. Int. J. Morphol. 2013;31(1):177-183.
Harneja NK, Chaturvedi RP. A study of the human ear ossicles. Indian J Otol 1973;25:154-160.
Farahani RM, Nooranipour M. Anatomy and Anthropometry of human stapes. American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2008;29:42-47.
Prendergast PJ, Ferris P, Rice HJ, Blayney AW. Vibroacoustic modelling of the outer and middle ear using the "nite element method. Audiology and Neuro-Otology.1999a.;4:185-191.
Padmini M, Rao B. Morphological variations in human fetal ear ossicles-a study. Int J Anat Res. 2013;1:40-42.
K. Radha. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF MALLEUS IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2342-2344. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.212