International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 2251-2257

Date of Publication: 30-04-2016



K. Sumangala Devi *1, S. Savitha 2, M .Venkateshwara Reddy 3, Praveen Kumar 4.

*1 Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana, India.

2Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana, India.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana, India.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana, India.

Address: Dr. K. Sumangala Devi, Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, Telangana, India. Mob. No.: +919154729399


Introduction:  Lungs are divided into lobes by the oblique and the transverse (horizontal) fissures. The fissures may be complete or incomplete and they may be absent. The fissures facilitate the movement of the lobes in relation to one another, which accommodates the greater distension and movement of the lower lobes during respiration.  Knowledge of their position is necessary for the appreciation of lobar anatomy and thus for locating the bronchopulmonary segments which is significant both anatomically and clinically. Hence, the awareness of their variations is essential in performing lobectomy and in segmental resection. It could also be of significance in interpreting radiological images.
Materials and Methods: Study on abnormal lobar pattern and position of fissures in human lungs was carried out in the department of anatomy SVS Medical College, Mahaboobnagar, India, With 50 human lungs (30 adult, 20 foetus) were examined by standard dissection method.
Results: Present study, the right lungs have incomplete horizontal fissures 50%, complete horizontal fissure 31.25%, absent of horizontal fissure 18.75%. Complete oblique  fissure 87.5%, incomplete oblique fissure 12.5% and in left lungs complete oblique fissure 57.14% , incomplete oblique fissure 42.86%  and also specimen no 13 in adult Right lung , specimen no 6 in foetus Right lung were showed accessory fissure because of it the right lung divides in to 4 lobes  and in these specimens the left  lungs were normal.
Discussion: Anatomical knowledge of anomalous lobar pattern of the lungs is important for identifying bronchopulmonary segments. Many times, radiologists may misinterpret an X-ray or CT scan. Anatomical knowledge of such variations is helpful for Thoracic surgeons performing lobectomy and clinicians for managing certain diseases that are limited to a single lobe or segment. Many a times the accessory fissures fail to be detected on CT scans, because of their incompleteness, thick sections and orientation in relation to a particular plane.
Conclusion: knowledge of abnormal fissures and lobes are clinically important for surgeons performing lobectomy and also academic interest to all medical personnel.
KEY WORDS: Lobar pattern, Bronchopulmonary Segments, Fissures, Lobectomy, Segmental resection.


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K. Sumangala Devi, S. Savitha, M. Venkateshwara Reddy, Praveen Kumar. STUDY OF ABNORMAL LOBAR PATTERN OF LUNGS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2251-2257. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.190




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