Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1988-1993
Date of Publication: 29-02-2016
MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF FISSURES AND LOBES OF LUNGS
Jeyanthi C Gnanadeepam 1, Anjana TSR *2, T Preethi Ramya 3.
1,3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Kilpauk Medical College, Kilpauk, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Kilpauk Medical College, Kilpauk, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Address: Dr. Anjana TSR, Department of Anatomy, Government Kilpauk Medical College, Kilpauk, Chennai-600010, Tamil Nadu, India.
Background: In the background of increased incidence of vascular diseases affecting lower extremities in diabetics and smokers, arterial revascularization procedures are performed to obtain maximal perfusion to the foot, thereby restoring normal arterial pressure to the target area. Hence knowledge of the branching pattern and course of posterior tibial artery bears much clinical relevance.
Materials and Methods: The study material consists of twenty adult human cadavers (14 males and 6 females ) at the Institute of Anatomy, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Results: In 85% of specimens, the posterior tibial artery arose from the popliteal artery at the lower border of popliteus. In 5% of specimens, the artery was replaced by peroneal artery. In 87.5% of specimens, three to five perforator branches arose from the posterior tibial artery. Mostly the perforators were located in the middle quarters of the leg and the last branch was located at an average of 8.9cm from the medial malleolus.
Conclusion: The knowledge of the course and branching pattern of posterior tibial artery is essential for achieving successful wound healing and avoidance of amputation in pathologies involving lower extremities. Also, the location of perforator helps in retrieval of fasciocutaneous flaps in treating an infected wound.
Key words: Posterior Tibial Artery, Branches, Wound healing.
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Jeyanthi C Gnanadeepam, Anjana TSR, T Preethi Ramya. A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON THE BRANCHING PATTERN AND COURSE OF POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY IN ADULT HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):1988-1993. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.127