Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1941-1944
Date of Publication: 29-02-2016
MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE SUPRACONDYLAR PROCESS OF THE HUMERUS WITH ITS CLINICAL UTILITY
Roopali D. Nikumbh *1, Dhiraj B. Nikumbh 2, Megha A. Doshi 3, Manohar N Ugadhe 4.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, JMF’s ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, JMF’s ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.
3 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, KIMS University, Karad, Maharashtra, India.
4 Professor, Department of Anatomy, JMF’s ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.
Address: Dr. Roopali D. Nikumbh. M.D. Assistant Professor, Department Of Anatomy, JMF’S ACPM Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India.
Background: The Supracondylar process is a beak like bony spine/ projection that arises from the anteromedial surface of the Humerus. It is also called Supraepitrochlear, epicondylar, epicondylic process or Supracondylar spur. It represents a phylogenetic remnants of complete osseous bride found in climbing animals and many reptiles mostly marsupials, cats, lemurs and American monkeys.
Materials and Methods: The two hundred and eighty dried humeri were studied in the Dept of Anatomy, KIMSDU, Karad and ACPM Medical College, Dhule, India. The bones were examined for any osseous projection from distal part under day light. On findings, the dimensions were recorded and photographed.
Results: Out of 280 dried humeri examined, we found only 1 humerus of the right side with an osseous spine on the anteromedial surface. The incidence calculated in this study was 0.36%.
Conclusion: The Supracondylar process is usually clinically silent but may become symptomatic by presenting as a mass or can be associated with symptoms of median nerve compression and claudication of brachial artery especially when associated with Struthers ligament. Hence the knowledge of the presence of variations in anatomy like Supracondylar process is important for anatomists, radiologists, anesthesiologists, surgeons, and anthropologists.
KEYWORDS: Humerus, Supracondylar process, Struther’s ligament.
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Roopali D. Nikumbh, Dhiraj B. Nikumbh, Megha A. Doshi, Manohar N Ugadhe. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE SUPRACONDYLAR PROCESS OF THE HUMERUS WITH ITS CLINICAL UTILITY. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):1941-1944. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.117