International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Case Report

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1851-1853

Date of Publication: 31-01-2016



Madhumita Datta *1, Enakshi Ghosh 2, Ritaban Sarkar 3, Hindol Mondal 4.

*1 Demonstrator of Department of Anatomy,ESI Medical College,Joka, Kolkata.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata. India.
3 Former Resident, Department of Anaesthesiology, Medical College, Kolkata, India.
3 Former Resident, Department of Pharmacology, Medical College, Kolkata, India.

Address: Dr. Madhumita Datta. Demonstrator of Department of Anatomy,ESI Medical College,Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.


Background: The inferior phrenic artery is seen as an important source of collateral arterial supply to hepatocellular carcinoma, the hepatic artery being the main source. Other pathologic conditions, such as diaphragmatic or hepatic bleeding due to trauma or surgery and bleeding resulting from gastroesophageal problems ( Mallory-Weiss tear and gastroesophageal cancer ) may also be related to inferior phrenic artery. We present here a case of left inferior phrenic artery taking origin from left gastric artery, showing significance of such variation.
Case Report: This was found during routine dissection of abdomen in a 60 yrs old adult male cadaver in the department of anatomy, R. G. Kar Medical College.
Observations: The variation was observed in the origin of left phrenic artery. It was seen that left phrenic artery took its origin from left gastric artery. Further distribution of left phrenic artery was normal. Right phrenic artery arose normally from abdominal aorta.
Conclusion: Considering the significance of inferior phrenic artery in transecatheter chemo- embolization of hepatocelluler carcinoma and gastroesophageal bleeding, the knowledge of the variant origin of inferior phrenic artery is very important not only for the anatomists, but also for the radiologists and the surgeons.
KEY WORDS: Left inferior phrenic artery, Right inferior phrenic artery, Left gastric artery, Hepatocelluler carcinoma, Transecatheter chemo-embolization, Gastroesophageal bleeding.


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Madhumita Datta, Enakshi Ghosh, Ritaban Sarkar, Hindol Mondal. VARIANT ORIGIN OF LEFT INFERIOR PHRENIC ARTERY: A CASE REPORT. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):1851-1853. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.350




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