International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1802-1805

Date of Publication: 31-01-2016



Archana K. Tale *1, Pratima R. Kulkarni 2, Sanobar Ismtulla Shaikh 3, Santosh S. Fupare 4.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVNGMC Yavatmal, India.
2 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, GMC Dhule, India.
3 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, SVNGMC Yavatmal, India.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, SGSMC & KEMH Mumbai, India.

Address: Dr. Archana K. Tale, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, SVNGMC Yavatmal, India.


Objective: The transcondylar approach is being increasingly used to access lesions ventral to the spinal canal at the level of the foramen magnum can be reached using a ventral or a dorsal approach. Understanding the anatomy of the occipital condyles is important for this approach.The present work is aimed to study occipital condyles morphometrically and its importance in transcondylar approach.
Materials and methods: The study was performed on 200 occipital condyles of 100 adult human dry skulls of unknown age and sex. The measurements like length, width, height, and the anterior and posterior intercondylar distances were measured.
Results: The length, width and height of the occipital condyle were found to be 21.83, 1=1.07 and 8.25 mm on the right and 22.19, 11.42 and 8.19 mm on the left respectively. The anterior and posterior intercondylar distances were 21.28 and 40.61 mm respectively.
Conclusion:  The above said parameters of the occipital condyles and its variations should be taken into consideration during posterior and lateral approaches to the craniovertebral junction by neurosurgeons and orthopaedicians.
KEY WORDS: Occipital condyle, foramen magnum, Surgical Anatomy.


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Archana K. Tale, Pratima R. Kulkarni, Sanobar Ismtulla Shaikh, Santosh S. Fupare. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE OCCIPITAL CONDYLE AND ITS SURGICAL IMPORTANCE. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):1802-1805. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.338




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