International Journal of Anatomy and Research



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Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1772-1776

Date of Publication: 31-01-2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2015.333


ESTIMATION OF COLLO-DIAPHYSEAL ANGLE OF FEMUR BY MARTINíS DIOPTROGRAPH: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Mahesh Vemavarapu 1, Jyothinath Kothapalli *2, Vijayendranath Kulkarni 3.

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Shadan institute of Medical sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College & Hospital, Sangareddy, Medak, Telangana, India.
3 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Khaja bandanawaz institute of Medical Sciences, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.

Address: Mr. Jyothinath Kothapalli, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College& Hospital, Fasalwadi, Sangareddy, Telangana, India. Phone: +91 9440551092
E-Mail: kjyothinath@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: The collo-diaphyseal angle (CDA) of femora appeared between the axis of neck and long axis of the femur having a great importance in complete understanding of the mechanics of the hip joint and serves as a basis for the treatment of pathological conditions of the hip and femur.
Materials and Methods: For the present study the collo-diaphyseal angle was measured in 152 normal south Indian femora, out of which 83 are random unknown sex femora, 42 are known males and 27 are known females. 
Results: In this series, recorded minimum angle is 111.00   and the recorded maximum angle is 146.00 and the average being 128.090 in random femora. In the present series 42 known normal male femora are measured in which the lowest angle is 115.00 and the highest angle is 141.00, the average being 128.040. Among 27 known normal female femora the minimum angle recorded is 112.00 and maximum angle recorded is 139.0, the average being 127.200.
Conclusion: The above findings revealed that the neck shaft angle of femur is greater in males than in females.
KEY WORDS: Collo-diaphyseal angle (CAD), Martin’s dioptrograph, Femur.

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Mahesh Vemavarapu, Jyothinath Kothapalli, Vijayendranath Kulkarni. ESTIMATION OF COLLO-DIAPHYSEAL ANGLE OF FEMUR BY MARTINíS DIOPTROGRAPH: A COMPARATIVE STUDY. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):1772-1776. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.333

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