International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article: Case Report

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 2047-2051

Date of Publication: 31-03-2016



Pallab Kumar Saha 1, Tanwi Ghosal (Sen) * 2, Parijat Mukherjee 2, Anupam Baske 2, Maitreyi Mondal 3, Sudeshna Majumder 4.

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
*2 Junior Resident, Department of Anatomy, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
4 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.

Address: Dr Tanwi Ghosal (Sen), Junior Resident, Department of Anatomy, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.


Background: Axillary artery is the continuation of 3rd part of the subclavian artery and then it is continued as brachial artery at the distal border of teres major.
Objectives: To document unusual variations of axillary artery and to establish embryological & clinico-anatomical correlation of such variation.
Case Report:  These finding was observed after meticulous dissection of the upper limbs of both sides of a 75 yr old female cadaver in the department of Anatomy, NBMC, India.
Observations:  A rare type of upper limb arterial pattern was observed on the right side of a cadaver during routine dissection. Anterior humeral circumflex, posterior humeral circumflex, sub scapular, superficial and deep brachial artery, all were derived from axillary artery at the level of teres major muscle. Deep brachial artery was crossed by superficial brachial artery in the lower part of arm. Then they were continued as radial and ulnar artery in the forearm.
Conclusion: This variation was useful for physicians, surgeons & radiologist.
Key words: Axillary, Superficial brachial, Deep brachial, Common interosseus artery.


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Pallab Kumar Saha, Tanwi Ghosal (Sen), Parijat Mukherjee, Anupam Baske, Maitreyi Mondal, Sudeshna Majumder. AN UNUSUAL AXILLARY ARTERY VARIATION: A CASE REPORT. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(1):2047-2051. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.313




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