Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1685-1688
Date of Publication: 31-12-2015
AN ANATOMICAL STUDY OF GRACILIS MUSCLE AND ITS VASCULAR PEDICLES
M.S. Rajeshwari * 1, B.N. Roshan kumar 2.
*1 Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
2 Professor and Head, Department of Orthopaedics, RajaRajeshwari Medical College Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr. M.S.Rajeshwari, Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Background: Gracilis muscle being easily accessible and functionally a weak muscle is suitable for muscle graft to replace the damaged muscle in any part of the body. The length of the muscle, vascular pedicles and limited donor site morbidity helps the surgeon to plan accordingly. The muscle receives a number of vascular pedicles ranging from one to five. The source of these pedicles varies.
Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 36 formalin fixed lower limbs of both sexes of unknown age from the department of Anatomy, BMCRI, Bangalore.
Results and Discussion: In 75% of limbs two vascular pedicles were seen penetrating the muscle at different levels and in 25% accessory pedicles were seen in the lower 2/3rd of the muscle.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that the first vascular pedicle to the muscle is always constant in position accompanied by its venae comitans and branch from obturator nerve and is placed at a distance of 10.5cms±2cms from the pubic tubercle.
KEY WORDS: Gracilis Muscle, Vascular Pedicle, Muscle Transplantation, Flap Reconstruction.
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M.S. Rajeshwari, B.N. Roshan kumar. AN ANATOMICAL STUDY OF GRACILIS MUSCLE AND ITS VASCULAR PEDICLES. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(4):1685-1688. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.316