Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1665-1668
Date of Publication: 31-12-2015
RECONSTRUCTION OF TOTAL LENGTH OF FEMUR FROM ITS PROXIMAL AND DISTAL FRAGMENTS
Ajay M. Parmar * 1, Kanan P. Shah 2, Jatin Goda 3, Brijesh Aghera 4, G. C. Agarwal 5.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Smt. N.H.L. Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
5 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Address: Dr. Ajay Parmar, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College & Hospital, Bhilo Ka Bedla, Pratappura, Udaipur- 313001, Rajasthan, India.
Aims and Objectives: To find out the correlation between maximum length of femur and its proximal & distal fragments. and to formulate regression equation for estimation of stature from maximum femoral length.
Materials and methods: This study consists 50 femur (27 of right side & 23 of left side). The maximum length of femur, proximal (P1,P2,P3,P4) and distal (D1,D2,D3,D4) measurements was taken with help of osteometric board and by vernier calliper.
Results: The correlation found in P1,P2,P3,P4, D1,D4 on right side femur and P2, P3, P4, D1, D4 on left side femur. The strongest correlation observed in the D4 on right femur and P2 of left femur. The result obtained were analysed and derived regression equation between maximum femoral length and its proximal and distal fragments.
Conclusion: The positive correlation between maximum femoral length and its proximal and distal fragments and regression equations derived in this study helpful to estimate stature in Medico-legal investigations and in Anthropometry.
KEY WORDS: Femur, Fragmentary Length of Femur, Regression Equation, Stature Estimation.
- Standring S., Gray’s Anatomy- Anatomical basis of clinical practice, 39th ed., p. 678-684 .
- Rother P, Jahn W, Hunger H, Kurp K. Determination of body height from fragment of the femur. Gegenbaurs Morphol Jahrb. 1980;126(6):873–83. [PubMed]
- Brickley M and McKinley JI. 2004. Stature estimation. Guidelines to the Standards for recording Human Remains. Highfield,Southampton: BABAO, Department of Archeology, University of Southampton and Institute of Field Archeologists, SHES, University of Reading, Whiteknights.
- Mukhopadhyay P., Ghosh T. P., Dan, U. et al. Correlation between maximum femoral length and epicondylar breadth and its application in stature estimation: A population specific study in Indian Bengali males. J of Acad Forensic Med. 2010;32(3);204-207.
- Singh S, Nair SK, Anjankar V, Bankwar V, Satpathy DK, Malik Y, Regression equation for estimation of femur length in central Indians from inter-trochanteric crest. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2013;3(3);223-226.
- Sarzoo Desai, Estimation of length of a femur from the length of its fragments. JEMDS. 2013;2(29):5450-57.
- Chandran, M., Vijayakumari, N. Reconstruction of Femur Length From Its Fragments in South Indian Females, Int J Forensic Med Toxicol 2011;1(2):45-53.
- Stevenson P.H., On racial differences in stature long regression formulae, with special reference to stature reconstruction formulae for Chinese, Biom- 1929;21(1-4):303-3.
- Rajendra Prasad, Selvakert, Reconstruction of femur length from markers of its proximal end, Clinical Anatomy-1996;9(1):28-33.
- Petersen, H. C. On the accuracy of estimating living stature from skeletal length in the grave and by linear regression. Int. J. Osteoarchaeology, 2005;15:106-14.
- Bidmos, Mubarak Ariyo. Stature reconstruction using fragmentary femora in South Africans of European descent. Journal of forensic Sciences 2008;53(5):1044-1048.
- Celbis O., Agritmis H. Estimation of stature and determination of sex from radial and ulnar bone lengths in a Turkish corpse sample. Forensic Science International. 2006;158(2-3):135-139.
- Mall G. Hubig M. Buttner A. et al. Sex determination and estimation of stature from the long bones of the arm. Forensic Science International, 2001;117(1-2):23-30.
- Kate B. R., Mazumdar R. D. Stature estimation from femur and humerus by regression and autometry. Acta Anat., 1976;94:311-20.
Ajay M. Parmar, Kanan P. Shah, Jatin Goda, Brijesh Aghera, G. C. Agarwal. RECONSTRUCTION OF TOTAL LENGTH OF FEMUR FROM ITS PROXIMAL AND DISTAL FRAGMENTS. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(4):1665-1668. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.310