Type of Article : Case Report
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1425-1428
Date of Publication: 30-09-2015
AN ADDITIONAL RIGHT RENAL VEIN AND PRE HILAR PRIMARY TRIBUTARIES OF LEFT RENAL VEIN: EMBRYOLOGICAL BASIS AND CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A CASE REPORT
Mangala.S *1, Sathyamurthy.B 2.
*1 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy,Rajarajeswari Medical college & Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2 Professor & Head, Dept. of Anatomy,Rajarajeswari Medical college & Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr.Mangala.S, No-33, 3rd Block, Visweswaraiah layout, Ullal Main road,Jnanabharathi post, Bengaluru-560056,Karnataka, India. Phone no.: +919986019997 .
In clinical Anatomy, the renal venous system is relatively understudied compared to the arterial system. The present study reports the presence of an Additional renal vein on the right side draining directly into the Inferior venacava and pre hilar primary tributaries of the left renal vein .The above findings were observed in a male cadaver during routine dissection of abdomen for undergraduate students in the Department of Anatomy,Rajarajeswari Medical college and hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka India.
The Anatomical knowledge of renal veins and its variations are of extreme importance for the surgeon who approaches the retroperitoneal region mainly in the face of current frequency of Renal transplant surgeries.Knowledge of Anatomy and Anomalies of Renal veins is necessary for retroperitoneal surgery and venographic procedures in addition to providing safety guidelines for endovascular procedures. In view of immense clinical significance attached to the variations in the renal vascular patterns, the present case has been discussed with emphasis to its embryological basis.
KEY WORDS: Renal vein, Additional renal vein,pre hilar primary tributaries, venous drainage patterns.
- Majumdar S, Mazumder S, Roy H,Ghoshal A S. A case of bilateral double renal veins. Int J Anat Var.2013;6:61-63.
- Mandal S,Mandal P,Basu. Bilateral Accessory Renal Arteries, Additional Right Renal Vein and Retro aortic Left Renal vein-A case Report.Int J Health Sci Res.2013;3(2):88-93.
- Satyapal K. S. The renal veins: a review. European Journal of Anatomy 2003;7:43-52.
- Kumar N,Swamy R S,Patil J,Nayak S B,Shetty S D,Aithal A.Accessory right renal vein draining into Inferior venacava. OA Case Reports 2014 May 15;3(5):48.
- Pushpa Dhar. An additional renal vein. Clinical Anatomy 2002;15(1):64-66.
- Anson B. J, Caudwell S.W, Pick J.W, Beaton L.E. Blood supply of Kidney, Suprarenal gland and associated structures, J.Anat 1947;84:313.
- Williams P.L., Warwick R., Dyson M., Bannister L.H. (1995) Gray’s Anatomy. 38th Edn. Churchill Livingstone, London.
- Biswas S, Chattopadhyay.J.C, Panicker.H, Anbalagan .J, Ghosh.S.K. Variations in Renal and Testicular veins-A case Report. J.Anat.Soc.India 2006;55(2):69-71.
- Gupta A, Gupta Singh R A. Congenital Variations of Renal veins: Embryological Background and Clinical Implications. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research.2011 November (Suppl-1);5(6):1140-1143.
Mangala.S, Sathyamurthy.B. AN ADDITIONAL RIGHT RENAL VEIN AND PRE HILAR PRIMARY TRIBUTARIES OF LEFT RENAL VEIN: EMBRYOLOGICAL BASIS AND CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: A CASE REPORT. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1425-1428. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.253