International Journal of Anatomy and Research



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Type of Article : Case Report

Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1395-1398

Date of Publication: 30-09-2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2015.245


A CASE REPORT ON ABNORMAL COURSE OF VENA SAPHENA PARVA

D.Krupa Daniel *1, Ajith Mano 2, Nagaveni 2, Naveen Bharathi 2, Sundarji 2, Valarmathi 2.

*1 Associate Professor of Anatomy, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou P.R, CHINA.
2
MBBS 2nd Year, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou P.R, CHINA.

Address: Dr.D.Krupa Daniel, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou P.R, China. Phone : +86-15626441489.
E-Mail: danielkrupa1309@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Great saphenous vein and short saphenous veins are the superficial veins of the lower limb. Variations in the superficial veins of the lowerlimb are uncommon. Our case report discusses anomalous course and its abnormal termination of short/small saphenous vein/Vena saphena parva.
Materials and Methods: 80 Cadavers, Blade scalpel, Scissors, Forceps, Cotton, Other stationeries.
Results: The short saphenous vein deviates the anatomical course without draining into popliteal vein, instead drains into deep femoral vein, femoral vein and Great saphenous vein.
Discussion: During a routine dissection with 80 cadavers, an abnormal short saphenous vein was observed in the left lower limb of an aged male cadaver. The origin of small saphneous vein from the dorsum of the foot at the lateral end of the dorsal venous arch and continues behind the lateral malleolus and courses upward along the posterior side of the leg and has to end in popliteal vein but in our continuity of dissection the short saphenous vein has bifurcated into proper short saphenous vein and accessory saphenous vein at the junction of back of leg which drains into great saphenous vein.
Conclusion: The knowledge of superficial veins of the lower limb is useful for clinicians during coronary bypass procedures, as these vessels are commonly used in such surgeries. It is therefore, essential for surgeons before harvesting the great saphenous vein to look for the abnormal drainage pattern of the short saphenous vein into the great saphenous vein either directly or through communication veins or with the presence of the Giacomini vein, Accessory saphenous vein.
KEY WORDS: Great Saphenous vein, Short Saphenous vein, Thigh, Mallelous.

References

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  10. Oliver Jones  - Venous Drainage Of The Lower Limb http://teachmeanatomy.info/lower-limb/vasculature/venous-drainage/Last edited : December 15, 2014
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D.Krupa Daniel, Ajith Mano, Nagaveni, Naveen Bharathi, Sundarji, Valarmathi. A CASE REPORT ON ABNORMAL COURSE OF VENA SAPHENA PARVA. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1395-1398. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.245

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