Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1376-1380
Date of Publication: 30-09-2015
MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF ORIGIN OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS
Brijesh R. Aghera *1, Sujatha. K 2, Taqdees Fatima 3.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur.(Rajasthan) India.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, PES Institute of Medical Sciences and Research centre, Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Institute of Medical Science, Kalburgi, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr Brijesh R. Aghera, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pacific Medical College and Hospital, Bhillo ka bedla, Pratappura, Udaipur (Rajasthan) 313 024. India. Phone nos.: +918696234166, +919558731155.
Background: Profunda femoris artery is an important and largest branch of femoral artery. It supplies all the compartments of the thigh as well as it supply the head and neck of femur and its branches form anastomosis around head of femur. So, the study of variation of profunda femoris artery is of great value for radiologist and surgeon during diagnostic and surgical intervention.
Materials and Methods: The present study includes 102 lower limbs of adult formalin fixed human cadavers used for the routine dissection procedure for under graduate and post graduate students in the department of Anatomy of three medical college in Karnataka, India over a period of 3 years (2011-2014).The study was done by dissection method as per Cunningham’s manual of Practical Anatomy.
Results: During the study, it was found that profunda femoris artery was originating abnormally from the femoral artery. Out of 102 limbs that were studied, 47 limbs (46.07%) originated from posterolateral aspect, 20 limbs (19.60%) on lateral aspect, 11 limbs (10.78%) on medial aspect, 24 limbs (23.52%) on posterior aspect of femoral artery. High origin of profunda femoris artery (0- 10 mm) from femoral artery (distance from the midpoint of inguinal ligament) was seen in 2 limbs.
Conclusion: In the present study, we found the different types of variations in the origin of profunda femoris artery from femoral artery and also the variation in the distance of origin. Surgeon and radiologist should consider this variation in mind during vascular invasion and surgeries in femoral region.
KEY WORDS: Profunda femoral artery, Femoral artery, Medial circumflex femoral artery, Lateral circumflex femoral artery.
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Brijesh R. Aghera, Sujatha. K, Taqdees Fatima. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF ORIGIN OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1376-1380. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.240