Type of Article : Orginal Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1293-1297
Date of Publication: 31-08-2015
A STUDY TO FIND CORRELATION BETWEEN DERMATOGLYPHIC PATTERNS AND ABO BLOOD GROUPS
Usha Verma *1, Ritu Singroha 2, Preeti Malik 3.
*1,2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
3 Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Address: Mrs. Usha Verma, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
Background: Dermatoglyphics, the study of fingerprints are constant and individualistic. It has been found useful in forensic medicine and identification purpose. It is useful in medical diagnosis of genetically inherited diseases and in detection of crimes.
Objectives: The present study was conducted to correlate between digital dermatoglyphics patterns in ABO, Rh blood groups and to evaluate their significance.
Methods: A total of 200 first year MBBS students of Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak with known blood groups from age group 17-22 yrs were included in the study. Fingerprints were obtained by Ink method. Parameters studied were arches, whorls, loops.
Results: Majority of the subjects (43.5%) in the study were of blood group A followed by blood group O, A and AB of whom 94.5% were Rh-positive. The general distribution of pattern of finger print showed high frequency (51.87%) of loops followed by whorls and arches. Almost same order was noticed in both Rh-positive and Rh-negative individuals or A, B, AB and O blood groups, except blood group O-ve which showed more whorls.
Conclusion: There is an association between distribution of finger print pattern and blood groups.
KEY WORDS: Dermatoglyphics, Loops, Whorls, Arches.
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Usha Verma, Ritu Singroha, Preeti Malik. A STUDY TO FIND CORRELATION BETWEEN DERMATOGLYPHIC PATTERNS AND ABO BLOOD GROUPS. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1293-1297. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.214