Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1245-1248
Date of Publication: 02-08-2015
ESTIMATION OF STATURE FROM FRAGMENT OF FEMUR (POPLITEAL LENGTH) IN BENGALEE POPULATION
Tapas Ghosh 1, Sudipto Konar *2, Maloy Kumar Mondal 3, Kalyan Brata Singha 4, Arpan Dey 5, Jonaki Das (Sarkar) 6.
1,3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India.
*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Midnapore Medical College, West Bengal, India.
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malda Medical College , West Bengal, India.
6 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India.
Address: Dr. Sudipto Konar, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal, India, Pin Code : 713104.
Introduction: Of the mathematical methods, regression equations have been successfully used for estimation of stature. Population specific formulae produce more accurate results. The present investigation was designed to estimate stature from fragment of femur obtained from a collection of Bengalee population of the state of West Bengal of India.
Materials & Methods: The fragment of the femur (Popliteal length of femur) was measured by a vertical length from the point where the distance between external borders of both linea aspera lips becomes 10 mm (it was considered as the lower end of linea aspera, where the two lips diverges below), to the ground where lower surfaces of both the condyles were in contact.
Results: The following regression equation was obtained: Stature in feet = 0.127[20.1184 + 1.6890x]. (‘x’ stands for popliteal length of femur in centimeter.)
Discussion: This would help in identification of unknown skeletal remains, as estimation of stature is an important part in establishing the biological profile of skeletal remains.
KEY WORDS: Human identification, fragment, femur, stature, Bengalee, Regression.
- Pearson K. Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution. V. On the reconstructions of the stature of prehistoric races. Philos Trans Series R Soc 1899; 192: 169-244.
- Trotter M, Glesser GC. Estimation of stature from long bones of American whites and Negroes. Am J Phys Anthropol 1952; 10(1): 463-514.
- Chibba K, Bidmos MA. Estimation of stature and maximum long bone length of the tibia from fragments of the tibia in South Africans of Europian descent. Forensic Sci Int 2007; 69(2): 145-51.
- Pelin IC, Duyar I. Estimating stature from tibia length: a comparison of methods. J Forensic Sci 2003; 48(4): 708-712.
- Bidmos MA. Stature reconstruction using fragmentary femora in South Africans of European descent. J Forensic Sci 2008; 53(5): 1044-1048.
- Izzet D, Pelin C. Body height estimation based on tibia length in different stature groups. Am J Phys Anthropol 2003; 122(1): 23-27.
- Steele DG, McKern TW. Method for assessment of maximum long bone length and living stature from fragmentary long bones. Am J Phys Anthropol 1969; 31(2): 215-227.
- Pan N. Length of long bones and their proportion to body height in Hindus. J Anat 1924; 58(4): 374-378.
- Mysorekar NL, Verma PK, Nandekar AN, Sharma TSR. Estimation of stature from parts of bones: lower end of femur and upper end of radius. Med Sci Law 1980; 20 (4): 283-286.
- Shroff AG, Panse AA, Diwan CV. Estimation of length of femur from its fragments. J Anat Soc India 1999; 48 (1): 1-5.
- Dan U, Mukhopadhyay PP, Ghosh TK, Biswas S. Estimation of stature from fragment of long bone (tibia) in Indian Bengalee population. J Anat Soc India 2009; 58(2): 169-172.
- Mukhopadhyay PP, Ghosh TK, Dan U, Biswas S. Correlation between Maximum Femoral Length and Epicondylar Breadth and Its Application in Stature Estimation: A Population Specific Study in Indian Bengali Males. J Indian Acad Forensic Med 2010; 32 (3): 204-07.
Tapas Ghosh, Sudipto Konar, Maloy Kumar Mondal, Kalyan Brata Singha, Arpan Dey, Jonaki Das (Sarkar). ESTIMATION OF STATURE FROM FRAGMENT OF FEMUR (POPLITEAL LENGTH) IN BENGALEE POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1245-1248. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.202