Type of Article : Original
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 1 | Page No. 966-969
Date of Publication: 31-03-2015
A STUDY ON FACIAL ARTERY VARIATION AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATION FOR FACIAL SURGERIES
Md Khaleel Ahmed *1, Pradeep K. Murudkar 2, Md. Kafeel Ahmed 3.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College,Kalaburagi, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.
2 Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College, Kalaburagi, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.
3 Tutor, Department of Dentistry, KBN hospital, Kalaburagi, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr. Md Khaleel Ahmed, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College, Kalaburagi, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Accurate knowledge of the normal and variant arterial anatomy of the facial artery is important for vascular radiology and will provide an anatomical basis to assist surgeons in performing maxillo-facial surgeries successfully.
Materials and Methods: Formalin-fixed faces of unknown sex adult cadavers were dissected following the Cunningham's manual of practical anatomy, volume 3. The age of the cadavers was not noted.
Results: The variations in the facial artery were grouped under three categories following the classification of Bayramet.al, 2010. Type I category – Facial artery terminated as angular artery ; Type II category – facial artery terminated as superior labial ; Type III – Facial artery terminated as inferior labial .In present study (type-II) is seen. Premasseteric branch was observed.
Discussion: Niranjan NS (1988) observed the variations of facial artery in 50 hemi-faces. According to him, facial artery terminated as angular artery in 68 % of hemi-faces, lateral nasal artery in 26% of hemi-faces, Superior labial artery in 4% of hemi-faces and 2% terminated at the alar base 12. In present study facial artery terminates as superior labial artery. A study conducted by Magden et.al (2009) , on the premasseteric branch, suggested that in 3% cases the diameter of premasseteric branch was larger than the facial artery.
Conclusion: This study shows that the variation in the branching pattern of facial artery variations, which help in avoiding the mishaps during certain surgical procedures.
KEY WORDS: Facial Artery, Inferior Labial Artery, Lateral Nasal Artery Premasseteric Branch, Superior Labial Artery.
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Md Khaleel Ahmed, Pradeep K. Murudkar, Md. Kafeel Ahmed. A STUDY ON FACIAL ARTERY VARIATION AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATION FOR FACIAL SURGERIES. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(1):966-969. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.134