International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article : Original

Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 1 | Page No. 935-940

Date of Publication: 31-03-2015



P. Priya 1, S. Vijayalakshmi *2.

1 Lecturer, Dept. of Anatomy, R.V.S Dental College, Sulur, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
*2Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Address: Dr. S. Vijayalakshmi, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Background: The anatomical variations of uterus particularly those concerning the body of uterus are well known in medical literature. Knowledge of these variations is important in reproductive periods of life, as well as in deciding the surgical procedures involving caesarean section delivery. However there are some exceptional variations in the body of uterus that may puzzle the obstetrician and gynaecologist dealing with gynaecological patients. Normal development of the female reproductive tract requires a complex series of events. Failure of any part of this process can result in congenital anomaly. Careful sonography and an awareness of the sonographic findings of early pregnancy in anomalous uteri should improve the detection of these anomalies. Recognition of such anomalies will also allow differentiation of those patients requiring repeat dilatation and curettage from those requiring laparotomy, as in the presence of a blind uterine horn or ectopic gestation. 3D ultrasonography permits the obtaining of planar reformatted sections through the uterus, which allow precise evaluation of fundal indentation & length of the septum. Aim This study was undertaken to assess the morphology of uterus and evaluate the anomalies.
Materials: 1500 subjects within the age of 15-45 were assessed using ultrasound   scan   and   the   anomalies   were   analyzed.
Results: 5-7% cases involving the variations of morphology of the uterus were reported in this study, that 3DUS has recently  become the only mandatory step in the initial investigation.
Conclusion: With timely and accurate diagnosis, appropriate management is likely to provide the best possible outcome for all such patients.
KEY WORDS: Mullerian duct, Arcuate uterus, Bicornuate uterus,3D ultrasonogram, Miscarriage.


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P. Priya, S. Vijayalakshmi. STUDY OF MORPHOLOGY OF UTERUS USING ULTRASOUND SCAN. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(1):935-940. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.121




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