Type of Article : Original
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 1 | Page No. 927-934
Date of Publication: 31-03-2015
A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE SELLA TURCICA; GENDER EFFECT
Ashraf Mohamed Elsayed Ali SAKRAN *1, Mohammad Afzal KHAN 2, Faris Mohammed Nour ALTAF 3, Hassan Elsiddig Hassan FARAGALLA 4, Amal Yousif Ahmed Elhaj MUSTAFA 5, Muhammad Mazhar HIJAZI 6, Rayan Abdulshakur NIYAZI 7, Abrar Jamal TAWAKUL 8, Abeer Zubair MALEBARI 9, Amal AbdulAziz SALEM 10.
*1,2,3,5,6 Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Umm al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
4 Department of Public Health, Health Sciences College at Al.leith, Umm al Qura University, Saudi Arabia.
7,8,9,10 Medical students, Faculty of Medicine, Umm al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Address: Dr. Ashraf M. E.A. Sakran, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Umm al Qura University, P.O. Box: 7607, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Phone: 00966568841873 or 00249912254379
Background and objective: Precise anatomical knowledge of the sella turcica is important for neurologists and surgeons operating in the region of cavernous sinus or the surrounding structures. The current study was undertaken to record normal morphometric parameters for future reference and to determine if there is any significance difference in the sella turcica morphometry regarding the gender.
Methodology: A Morphometric analysis of the Sella Turcica and structures in vicinity were done in thirty six adults’ formalin fixed cadaver's skulls (22 male and 14 female).
Results: The pituitary stalk positions were middle in majority of male cases (72.7%), the remaining 27.3% were posterior. Among female; 57.1% were middle and the remaining 42.9% were posterior, no anterior position was detected among both genders with no different between male and female (p = 0.494) Normal Optic chiasma position was detected in all female cases and in 63.6% of male cases with no significant differences regarding gender (p= 0.070).
No significant different in diaphragma sella shape and opening regarding gender (p.value = 0.170 and 0.914 respectively) No significant difference between males and females concerning linear dimensions of sella turcica (length, depth and Anteroposterior diameters). Concerning diaphragma sella opening; no significant different regarding gender in transverse diameter (p.value= 0.316) while significant different was detected in anteroposterior diameter (p.value= 0.046) For interclinoid (anterior, posterior) diameters, which represented statistically significant different regarding gender in both right and left sides (p.value = 0.004 and 0.001 respectively).
Conclusion: The current study will provide normal morphometric data for future reference and further studies.
KEY WORDS: Sella turcica, Morphometry, Gender.
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Ashraf Mohamed Elsayed Ali SAKRAN, Mohammad Afzal KHAN, Faris Mohammed Nour ALTAF, Hassan Elsiddig Hassan FARAGALLA, Amal Yousif Ahmed Elhaj MUSTAFA, Muhammad Mazhar HIJAZI, Rayan Abdulshakur NIYAZI, Abrar Jamal TAWAKUL, Abeer Zubair MALEBARI, Amal AbdulAziz SALEM. A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE SELLA TURCICA; GENDER EFFECT. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(1):927-934. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.118