Type of Article : Original
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 1 | Page No. 873-877
Date of Publication: 28-02-2015
STUDY OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY OF HUMAN CADAVERS IN RAJKOT CITY, INDIA
Pradip R. Chauhan *1, Monika A. Adhvaryu 2, Ashish J. Rathwa 3, Alpa P. Chauhan 4, Sanjay Chavda 5, Suresh P. Rathod 6.
*1 Tutor, Dept. of Anatomy, P.D.U. Government Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
2 Tutor, Dept. of Anatomy, M.P. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.
3 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
4 Tutor, Dept. of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
5 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, P.D.U. Government Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
6 Professor & Head, Dept. of Anatomy, P.D.U. Government Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Address: Dr. Pradip R. Chauhan, M.B.B.S, M.D. (Anatomy), Tutor, Anatomy, P.D.U. Government Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Background: The profunda femoris artery is the major branch of the femoral artery. It is at critical place in relation to femoral artery for various interventions.
Aim: To study the origin of profunda femoris artery. And to compare the cross sectional area of profunda femoris artery between right and left limbs.
Material and methods: In this cross sectional study, 51 human femoral triangles from 26 (18 male and 08 female) human cadavers in P.D.U. Government Medical College, Rajkot were dissected and studied during regular dissection classes. Site of origin of profunda femoris artery was noted in relation to femoral artery. The distance of origin of profunda femoris artery from the midpoint of inguinal point was measured and noted. Circumference of profunda femoris artery at the level of origin was measured. The cross sectional area was calculated. Collected data was analyzed by standard statistical formulas with the help of Microsoft excel 2007 and Epi info TM 7 software.
Result: Most common (52.95% cases) site of origin was posterolateral from femoral artery. The mean distance of origin of profunda femoris artery from the midpoint of inguinal ligament was 30.17 mm. There was no significant difference in cross sectional area of right and left profunda femoris artery (at 95% confidence interval)
Conclusion: Profunda femoris artery is used for angiography, ultrasonography and cardiac catheterization also. It is the major blood supply of the thigh. Its relations with femoral artery, femoral vein and femoral nerve makes it important structure for clinicians. Variations in origin of profunda femoris artery must be considered to avoid complication like aneurism and faulty passage of the catheter. High origin of profunda femoris artery is more prone to damage while accessing femoral artery.
KEY WORDS: Profunda femoris Artery, Femoral artery, Midpoint of inguinal ligament, circumference, cross sectional area.
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Pradip R. Chauhan, Monika A. Adhvaryu, Ashish J. Rathwa, Alpa P. Chauhan, Sanjay Chavda, Suresh P. Rathod . STUDY OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY OF HUMAN CADAVERS IN RAJKOT CITY, INDIA. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(1):873-877. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.105