Type of Article : Orginal
Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 633-635
Date of Publication: 31-10-2014
STUDY ON NECK SHAFT ANGLE AND FEMORAL LENGTH OF SOUTH INDIAN FEMURS
Shakil Mohamad Khan 1, Shaik Hussain Saheb *2 .
1Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedics, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India
*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India
Corresponding Author Address: Shaik Hussain Saheb, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka - 577004, India. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Back ground: Femoral nek anteversion describes the angle subtended by the femoral neck with reference to the transcondylar plane of the distal end of the femur and is usually 15° to 45°. This along with the neck shaft angle, hip axis length, femoral neck width influence the risk of femoral neck fracture. Femoral neck anteversion angle has to be taken into consideration when reduction and fixation is selected as a method of treatment.
Objectives: The objectives of present study to find out the measurements of Neck shaft angle, Femoral Length and Neck Length of femur.
Materials and Methods: In present study have used 250 femurs from different colleges in south India. The following measurements were conducted Neck shaft angle, Femoral Length and Neck Length of femur.
Results: The results of present study are the length of femur was 446.2+26.39mm, right femur was 446.6+26.66mm and left femur was 445.8+26.12mm, the Neck Length femur was 36.3+4.2mm, right femur was 36.1+4.1mm and left femur
was 36.4+4.3m. the neck shaft angle of femur was 137.10 , right femur was 137.30 and left femur was 136.90.Conclusion: There is no significance difference between right and left femur measurements. Orthopaedists and Radiologists use the normal range and means of the neck shaft angle in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease of the hip. The angle is increased in congenital subluxation and dislocation of the hip, poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy and idiopathic scoliosis and decreased in the congenital coxavara , post traumatic coxa vara due to malunited femoral neck and inter trochanteric fractures.
KEY WORDS: Femoral Length, Neck Length, Neck Shaft angle and Femur.
. Subhash Gujar, Sanjay Vikani, Jigna Parmar, K V Bondre. A correlation between femoral neck shaft angle to femoral neck length. IJBAR;2013:04(05).
. S. P. Tuck, D. J. Rawlings, A. C. Scane, I. Pande, G. D. Summers, A. D.Woolf, R.M. Francis. Femoral Neck Shaft Angle inMen with Fragility Fractures . SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research Journal of Osteoporosis. 2011; Article ID 903726, 7 pages.
. Williams Perter L. Warwick Roger. Dyson Mary Bannister Lawrence H. Gray's Anatomy.. Churchill livingstone London. Editor J. 40th e 1989;434.
. R A Duthie, M F Bruce, J D Hutchison - Changing proximal femoral geometry in north east Scotland: an osteometric study. BMJ 1998;316:16.
. Norkin, C.C. and P.K. Levangie. The hip complex. In Joint Structure and Function. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis. 1983;255–289.
. Singh IP, Bhasin MK. A manual of Biological Anthropology. 1st edi, Kamla Raj Enterprices. 1970.
. Singh SP, Ekandem GJ, Ani EO. Identification of sex from the head of the femur- demarking points for Calabar, Cross-River State Nigeria. West Afr J Anat. 1986;1:16-23.
. Pandya A M, Singel T C, akbari V J, Dangar K P, Tank K C, Patel M P . Sexual dimorphism of maximum femoral Length. National journal of medical research. 2011;1(2).
. Rajeshwari S. Bhosale, Dr. B. R. Zambare. Sex determination from femur using length of femur in Maharashtra. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2013;3(4):01-03.
. Ravichandran D et al. Proximal femoral geometry in Indians and its clinical applications. J. Anat. Sco. India 2011;60(1):6-12.
. Siwach RC, Dahiya S. Anthropometric study of proximal femur geometry and its clinical apllication. Indian journal of Orthopaedics. 2003;37(4):247-51.
Shakil Mohamad Khan, Shaik Hussain Saheb. STUDY ON NECK SHAFT ANGLE AND FEMORAL LENGTH OF SOUTH INDIAN FEMURS. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):633-635. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.512