International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article : Orginal

Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 633-635

Date of Publication: 31-10-2014

DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.512


Shakil Mohamad Khan 1,  Shaik Hussain Saheb *2 .

1Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopedics, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India
*2 Assistant Professor, Department of   Anatomy, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka, India 

Corresponding Author Address: Shaik Hussain Saheb, Assistant Professor, Department of   Anatomy, JJM Medical College, Davangere, Karnataka - 577004, India. E-Mail: 

Back ground: Femoral nek anteversion describes the angle subtended by the femoral neck with reference to the transcondylar plane of the distal end of the femur and is usually 15° to 45°. This along with the neck shaft angle, hip axis length, femoral neck width influence the risk of femoral neck fracture. Femoral neck anteversion angle has to be taken into consideration when reduction and fixation is selected as a method of treatment.
Objectives: The objectives of present study to find out the measurements of Neck shaft angle, Femoral Length and Neck Length of femur.
Materials and Methods: In present study have used 250 femurs from different colleges in south India. The following measurements were conducted  Neck shaft angle, Femoral Length and Neck Length of femur.
Results: The results of present study are the length of femur was 446.2+26.39mm, right femur was 446.6+26.66mm and left femur was 445.8+26.12mm,  the Neck Length  femur was 36.3+4.2mm,  right femur  was 36.1+4.1mm and left femur 
was 36.4+4.3m. the neck shaft angle of femur was  137.10 , right femur was 137.30 and left femur  was 136.90.
Conclusion: There is no significance difference between right and left femur measurements.  Orthopaedists and  Radiologists use the normal range and means of the neck shaft angle in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease of the hip. The angle is increased in congenital subluxation and dislocation of the hip, poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy and idiopathic scoliosis and decreased in the congenital coxavara , post traumatic coxa vara due to malunited femoral neck and inter trochanteric fractures.
KEY WORDS: Femoral Length, Neck Length, Neck Shaft angle and Femur. 


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Shakil Mohamad Khan, Shaik Hussain Saheb. STUDY ON NECK SHAFT ANGLE AND FEMORAL LENGTH OF SOUTH INDIAN FEMURS. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):633-635. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.512



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