International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article : Orginal

Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 640-644

Date of Publication: 31-10-2014

DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.504


Poornima Janipati *1, Jyothinath Kothapalli 2, Shamsunder Rao V 3.

*1Tutor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College & Hospital, Sangareddy, Medak, Telangana, India. 

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College & Hospital, Sangareddy, Medak, Telangana, India. 

3 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College & Hospital, Sangareddy, Medak, Telangana, India. 

Corresponding author: Dr. Poornima Janipati, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College & Hospital, Fasalwadi, Sangareddy, Medak, 502294, Telangana, India, Mobile No: +919989295951 E-Mail:

Identification of sex by human skeletal remains is a critical problem and is very important in anthropological and medico legal works. Bones often survive the process of decay and therefore provide the major evidence of human age and sex after death. Over the years different authors had carried various types of measurements on human sacra of different races and regions. The present study carried out 81 sacra of unknown sex contains 45 male and 36 female sacra identified by physical characteristics. They were collected from Telangana and Andhra Pradesh region. India may be divided into four regions like North part, South part, West part, and East part for different study purpose on local population. In the present study mean sacral index in males is 104.08 and females are 115.72. The male mean sacral index value of present study is more than the values of Eastern part, north part, other worker of Southern part of India and western part except in Western part in Western Rajasthan population. The female mean sacral index value of present study is higher than the observation of Eastern part, other workers of Southern part of India, Varanasi and Jammu of north part of India and Saurashtra region of western region of India. Observations of the workers from remaining areas of Western part of India and Agra region of North India is higher than the present study. The studies on Indian population suggest that mean sacral index in females is higher than that of males.
KEYWORDS: Sacrum, Sacral index, Regions of India.


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Poornima Janipati, Jyothinath Kothapalli, Shamsunder Rao V. STUDY OF SACRAL INDEX: COMPARISON BETWEEN DIFFERENT REGIONAL POPULATIONS OF INDIA AND ABROAD. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):640-644. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.504



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