Type of Article : Case Report
Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 650-652
Date of Publication: 30-11-2014
BILATERAL SUPERNUMERARY HEADS OF BICEPS BRACHII
Ajit Kumar *, E.Ganesh, T.Malarvani, Manish Kr. Singh.
Department of Anatomy, Tribhuvan University, National Medical college, Birgunj, Parsa, Nepal.
Address: Ajit Kumar, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Tribhuvan University,
National Medical college, Birgunj, Parsa, Nepal.
The Biceps brachii is a muscle of flexor compartment of the arm. The biceps brachii muscle shows variation in the number of heads, with an estimated 9–22% of all people having a supernumerary head. The most common variation is third head, but four, five, or even seven heads have been reported. Although supernumerary heads of the biceps brachii muscle have been frequently reported, bilateral asymmetric occurrence of supernumerary heads is relatively rare. During a routine cadaveric dissection at the Department of Anatomy, National Medical College, Birgunj, Nepal, we encountered bilateral supernumerary heads of the biceps brachii muscle; Three heads on the right arm and four heads on the left arm in a 68 year old male cadaver. These additional heads were supplied by branches from the musculocutaneous nerve. No additional anomalies were found on the remainder of both upper limbs of the same cadaver. It may cause compression of surrounding neurovascular structures or it may lead to variation of normal mechanical actions and also can cause erroneous interpretation during routine surgeries.
KEYWORDS: Biceps brachii, Supernumerary heads, Coracobrachialis, Musculocutaneous nerve.
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Ajit Kumar, E.Ganesh, T.Malarvani, Manish Kr. Singh. BILATERAL SUPERNUMERARY HEADS OF BICEPS BRACHII. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):650-652. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.503