International Journal of Anatomy and Research

Welcome to International Journal of Anatomy and Research





Type of Article : Orginal

Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 645-649

Date of Publication: 30-11-2014

DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.502


Supriya. B *1, T.S. Chandrasekhara Rao 2, P. Jagapathi Ramayya 3, R. V. Suresh Kumar 4.

*1 Assistant Professor, College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati, India.
2 Dean, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, India.
3 Professor and Head, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, C.V.Sc, Proddatur, India.
4 Professor and Head, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, C.V.Sc, Proddatur, India.

Address: Dr. Supriya. B, Assiastant Professor, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati, A.P, India-517502.


Back ground: The vulnerability of the buffalo to the luxation of the hip articulation previous to and during parturition encouraged the investigation in this species. The literature reviewed did not reveal complete anatomical descriptions of the coxofemoral articulation of buffalo. Hence the study was undertaken.
Purpose: to study the different anatomical aspects of the hip joint which are specific to buffaloes.  
Methods and Results: A total number of fifteen hip joints of buffalo calves procured from  the local slaughter house and department of Veterinary Anatomy  were studied in the Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati  irrespective of breed, sex and nutritional status. The gross morphology of joints and relations were studied. The round ligament of buffalo was stronger compared to cattle. A thick fibrous stratum of articular capsule was present. A few arched and semi-circular fibers were seen in the articular capsule but zona orbicularis was absent. The best developed periarticular ligament in the buffalo hip was the iliofemoral ligament. It was a thick cord of connective tissue extending from a nodule below and behind the ischiatic spine and spreaded over the capsula articularis and finally attached to the trochanter major and trochanteric ridge. The pubocapsular ligament was located on the ventral surface of the joint capsule and blended with it. Compared to the most of other quadripeds the periarticular ligaments were well developed in buffalo. The iliofemoral ligament was mostly helpful in preventing the hip from excessive extension and adduction. The relative development of the periarticular ligaments in the biped and quadrupeds were probably in accordance with comparative weight that this articulation must support.
Potential implications: An understanding of the basic anatomy of the hip helps in understanding pathology and can greatly assist the surgeon in appropriately diagnosing and treating the problems.
KEYWORDS: Hip joint, Iliofemoral ligament, Buffalo calf, Capsula articularis, Coxofemoral joint.


  1. Roberts S J. Veterinary obstetrics and genital diseases: ann Arbor: Edward Brothers, Ithaca, Newyork; 1956.
  2. Sisson S. The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals:   Volume1. Edited by Getty R. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, London; 1975:  349 and 787.
  3. Howard E. Evans, Alexander de Lahunta: Miller's Anatomy of the Dog: 4th edition. Saunders publication, Philadelphia, London; 2013:176-177.
  4. Kansas state university of agriculture and applied science, Department of Anatomy, Jonathan David Friend. Thesis on the Comparative Anatomy of the coxofemoral articulation of the Dog, Ox and Horse; 1959.
  5. Raghavan D. Anatomy of the Ox. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi; 1964: 179-181.
  6. Grey, H. (1918). Anatomy of the Human Body. III. Syndesmology. Available at [].
  7. Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria. International Committee on Veterinary Gross Anatomical Nomenclature. 5thedition. Published by Editorial Committee Hannover, Columbia, Gent, Sapporo: 2005.
  8. Mc Leod WM. Bovine Anatomy. 2nd Edition, Burgess publishing company, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 1958: 164.  
  9. Damien P. Byrne, Kevin J. Mulhall and Joseph F. Baker. Anatomy and Biomechanics of the Hip. The Open Sports Medicine Journal. 2010; 4:51-57.
  10. Nickel R,  Schummer A, Seiferle E, Wilkens H , Wille KH and Frewin J. The locomotor system of Domestic Mammals. In The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals: Volume 1. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin; 1986: 181-213. 
  11. Konig H E, Liebich, H G and Maierl J. Text   book and Color Atlas of Veterinary Anatomy of Domestic Mammals: Edited by H E Konig and H G Leibich. Schattauer Publisher, Stuttgart, Newyork;2004: 148 and 218. 
  12. Shivley M J. Text book of basic, comparative and Clinical Veterinary Anatomy: Texas and A M University press; 1987: 67-86 and 167-198. 
  13. Howlett C R  and Bryden M M. Anatomy of the arterial supply to the hip joint of the ox. J. Anat; 1971: 110, 3: 343-348.
  14. Chauveau,A. The Comparative Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. 2 nd edition. Appleton Company, New York; 1891: 194-225.

Supriya. B, T.S. Chandrasekhara Rao, P. Jagapathi Ramayya, R. V. Suresh Kumar. GROSS MORPHOLOGY OF THE HIP ARTICULATION OF BUFFALO CALVES (BUBALUS BUBALIS). Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):645-649. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.502




Volume 1 (2013)

Volume 2 (2014)

Submit Manuscript