IJAR.2016.497

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (January 2017)

Page No.: 3435-3438

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.497

A CADAVERIC STUDY ON LEVATOR GLANDULAE THYROIDEAE IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION

Vijaianand M *¹, Ramamurthi KS ².

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences & Research, Othakkalmandapam (Po), Coimbatore, India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences & Research, Othakkalmandapam (Po), Coimbatore, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Vijaianand M, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 7, Tarun kudil, IK garden, Gokul Nagar Annexe, Chinnathirupathi, Salem-636008. Tamil Nadu, India. Mobile: (0) 9655246467 E-Mail:  dr.vijaitarun7474@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Thyroid gland is the first among the endocrine gland to develop in the antero-inferior aspect of the neck, and any alterations in morphology leads to functional disturbances and various anomalies.LGT is considered to be due to persistence of thyroglossal duct.

Aims and Objectives: To find out any variations in the Thyroid gland such shape,position,extent and the presence or absence of Levator Glandulae Thyroideae in cadavers.

Observation and Results: Dissection was carried out routinely in 30 cadavers of both sexes  over a period of 4 years for 1st  MBBS students, in which 2 cadavers  found with Levator Glandulae Thyroideae extending between left pyramidal lobe to hyoid bone, and the other between isthmus and hyoid bone accounting for an incidence of 7% and both  the variations were noted in male cadavers. Thorough knowledge regarding thyroid gland and its variations is needed particularly while performing Head and Neck surgeries, and while enumerating differential diagnosis  which always should not be overlooked.

Conclusion: The presence of thyroid anomalies such as partial or complete absence of isthmus,pyramidal lobes either  uni or bilateral and the occurrence of Levator Glandulae Thyroideae  is considered essential, while dealing with Surgeries in the neck region[Tracheostomy,Thyroidectomy].Prevention or minimal occurence of complication depends how the experts make use of  various domains[Cognitive,Affective and Psychomotor] when they come across with such cases.

Key words: Thyroid gland, Levator Glandulae Thyroideae[LGT], Thyroglossal duct, Isthmus, Pyramidal lobe, Hyoid bone.

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Cite this article: Vijaianand M, Ramamurthi KS. A CADAVERIC STUDY ON LEVATOR GLANDULAE THYROIDEAE IN SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3435-3438. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.497
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